TOMCAT+IIS配置方法

很文博客hinven.com 2018年12月7日12:54:52服务器评论1294779字阅读模式

一.说明:

配置如下:Win2000 Server + IIS 5.0(Win2000自带)+ Tomcat 3.1 binary release.

我使用的Tomcat 3.1是编译过的版本,在这个版本里面没有配置IIS和NT Service的说明,但是在Tocmcat 3.2 source版里面有比较详细的帮助文件。根据这些帮助文件 可以顺利的把Tomcat作为插件插入IIS。

二.启动tomcat

安装完tomcat之后(具体安装过程略),要启动Tomcat很简单,首先可以查看tomcat\bin\startup.bat文件,利用控制面板里面的系统->高级->环境变量对话框,新建环境变量TOMCAT_HOME和JAVA_HOME,使它们各自指向TOMCAT和JDK的根目录即可。另外为保险起见,可以在path里面把二者的路径添加进去。然后开启一个DOS窗口执行startup.bat。 启动Tomcat后,会有一个DOS窗口显示启动情况。此时访问http://localhost:8080可以看到Tomcat的一些示例。

三.配置

下一步工作就是如何把Tomcat插入IIS,使二者协同工作。主要分以下几个步骤:

1、在Windows注册表中注册:

将下面的begin和end之间的Jakarta.reg文件装入机器,我的Tomcat装在c:\\jakarta-tomcat,你可根据自己的环境修改Jakarta.reg文件

Jakarta.reg:

---begin---

Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00

[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Apache Software Foundation\Jakarta Isapi Redirector\1.0]

"extension_uri"="/jakarta/isapi_redirect.dll"

"log_file"="c:\\jakarta-tomcat\\logs\\isapi.log"

"log_level"="debug"

"worker_file"="c:\\jakarta-tomcat\\conf\\workers.properties"

"worker_mount_file"="c:\\jakarta-tomcat\\conf\\uriworkermap.properties"

---end---

注:其中的路径需改成你的tomcat的安装路径。

2、打开IIS管理器,在"默认WEB站点”中建立一个虚拟目录jakarta,让它的路径指向isapi_redirect.dll所在目录。(在3.1 bin中可能没有这个dll,你可以从3.2的bin\iis\nt4\i386目录中拷贝一个过来。该虚拟目录应被设置为"可执行”。

3、利用IIS管理器,把isapi_redirect.dll设置为"默认WEB站点”的ISAPI筛选器,名称可以任起。

4、重启IIS,确认刚才添加的ISAPI筛选器前面标了一个绿色向上的箭头然后重启Tomcat(执行tomcat\bin\shutdown.bat可关闭Tomcat) 此时,IIS应该已经可以处理*.jsp文件了。由于Tomcat设置中,默认的Root是 tomcat\webapps\ROOT,所以你可以在这个目录中放置一个jsp文件(例如 index.jsp),然后访问http://localhost/index.jsp,看一下效果。 如果按照上面的方法还是无法使IIS处理jsp文件,可以尝试在IIS管理器->默认WEB站点属性->主目录->配置中添加一个"应用程序映射”,把*.jsp文件映射到isapi_redirect.dll上。

四.作为NT的服务

作为NT service的设置比较简单。

首先从3.2拷贝过来jk_nt_service.exe,然后把下面的内容保存起来,起名为wrapper.properties

  1. #
  2. # $Header: /home/cvs/jakarta-tomcat/src/etc/wrapper.properties,v 1.1
  3. #2000/05/03 11:54:49 shachor Exp $
  4. # $Revision: 1.1 $
  5. # $Date: 2000/05/03 11:54:49 $
  6. #
  7. #
  8. # jk_service.properties - a bootstrup file for the Tomcat NT service.
  9. #
  10. # This file provides jk_nt_service with the needed information to
  11. # start tomcat at a different process.
  12. #
  13. # As a general note, the characters $( and ) are used internally to define
  14. # macros. Do not use them!!!
  15. #
  16. # Whenever you see a set of lines such as:
  17. # x=value
  18. # y=$(x)\something
  19. #
  20. # the final value for y will be value\something
  21. #
  22. # Normaly all you will need to modify is the first two properties, i.e.
  23. # wrapper.tomcat_home and wrapper.java_home. Most of the configuration
  24. # is derived from these two.
  25. #
  26. #
  27. # wrapper.tomcat_home should point to the location where you
  28. # installed tomcat. This is where you have your conf, webapps and lib
  29. # directories.
  30. #
  31. wrapper.tomcat_home=d:\tomcat
  32. #
  33. # wrapper.java_home should point to your Java installation. Normally
  34. # you should have a bin and lib directories beneath it.
  35. #
  36. wrapper.java_home=d:\JBuilder35\jdk1.2.2
  37. #
  38. #------ ADVANCED MODE ------------------------------------------------
  39. # Make sure that you read the how-to before making too many changes.
  40. #---------------------------------------------------------------------
  41. #
  42. #
  43. # Defining where the service is going to put the standard
  44. # output of Tomcat. This is where System.out.println and
  45. # System.err.println goes to.
  46. #
  47. wrapper.stdout=$(wrapper.tomcat_home)\jvm.stdout
  48. wrapper.stderr=$(wrapper.tomcat_home)\jvm.stderr
  49. #
  50. # Additions to the path. put here directories where you store DLLs for
  51. # native methods etc.
  52. #
  53. wrapper.ld_path=d:\
  54. wrapper.ld_path=c:\
  55. #
  56. # Defining the classpath. All the rows that belongs to the class_path
  57. # property are concatenated to create the classpath for Tomcat.
  58. #
  59. # If you have additional locations that you would like to add to the
  60. # claspath you should add a new wrapper.class_path=<location> line.
  61. #
  62. wrapper.class_path=$(wrapper.tomcat_home)\classes
  63. wrapper.class_path=$(wrapper.tomcat_home)\lib\xml.jar
  64. wrapper.class_path=$(wrapper.tomcat_home)\lib\webserver.jar
  65. wrapper.class_path=$(wrapper.tomcat_home)\lib\servlet.jar
  66. wrapper.class_path=$(wrapper.tomcat_home)\lib\jasper.jar
  67. #
  68. # This is where Javac is located in JDK1.2.x
  69. #
  70. wrapper.class_path=$(wrapper.java_home)\lib\tools.jar
  71. #
  72. # and a tribute to JDK1.1.x
  73. #
  74. wrapper.class_path=$(wrapper.java_home)\lib\classes.zip
  75. #
  76. # This is the Java interpreter used for running Tomcat
  77. #
  78. wrapper.javabin=$(wrapper.java_home)\bin\java.exe
  79. #
  80. # This is Tomcat"s startup class (the class that contains Tomcat"s
  81. # starting point.
  82. #
  83. wrapper.startup_class=org.apache.tomcat.startup.Tomcat
  84. #
  85. # This is the location where tomcat"s server.xml configuration file
  86. # is located.
  87. #
  88. wrapper.server_xml=$(wrapper.tomcat_home)\conf\server.xml
  89. #
  90. # The NT service uses AJP12 to shutdown Tomcat. The wrapper.shutdown_port
  91. # tells the service the identity of the port that is used by AJP12.
  92. #
  93. wrapper.shutdown_port=8007
  94. #
  95. # This is the command line that is used to start Tomcat. You can *add* extra
  96. # parameters to it but you can not remove anything.
  97. #
  98. wrapper.cmd_line=$(wrapper.javabin) -classpath $(wrapper.class_path) $(wrapp
  99. er.startup_class) -config $(wrapper.server_xml) -home $(wrapper.tomcat_home)

保存后,只需修改里面的wrapper.tomcat_home和wrapper.java_home使它们各自指向tomcat根目录和JDK根目录即可。

然后运行jk_nt_service -I <服务名称> <wrapper.properties的路径> 服务名称可以随便起,例如tomcat或者jakarta等等都行。wrapper.properties的路径应为完整路径(包括wrapper.properties这个文件名)示例:jk_nt_service -I Jakarta d:\wrapper.properties 这样在控制面板->服务里面,我们可以看到一个名为Jakarta的服务,可以 在这里启动或者中止它 。

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